SHRUBS THAT ATTRACT BIRDS
      Provides   Fruit Time of
Species Common Name Food Cover Nest Color Bloom
             
             
Alnus rugosa Speckled Alder X X X seed aug-oct
Amelanchier arborea Juneberry or Downy Shadblow X     rp jun
Amelanchier laevis Allegheny Shadblow X     dp jun
Aralia spinosa Devil's Walking Stick X X   b sep-oct
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Common Bearberry X     r,pi jul-oct
Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry X     r a-w
Aronia melanocarpa Black Chokeberry X     b a-w
Berberis koreana Korean Barberry       r a
Berberis thunbergii Japanese Barberry X X X r jul-win
Berberis vulgaris European Barberry X     s jul-win
Buxus microphylla koreana Korean Barberry          
Campis radicans Common Trumpet Creeper X     seed aug-oct
Celastrus scandens American Bittersweet X     yo aug-dec
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common Buttonbush X X X seed sep-dec
Comptonia peregrina Sweetfern X     nut aug-oct
Cornus alba Tatarian Dogwood          
Cornus alba sibirica Siberian Dogwood       w jul-aug
Cornus alternifolia Pagoda Dogwood X X X blb jul-sep
Cornus amomum Silky Dogwood X X X blb jul-sep
Cornus canadensis Bunchberry X     s aug
Cornus mas Cornelian Cherry Dogwood X   X dr a
Cornus racemosa Gray Dogwood X X X w jul-oct
Cornus stolonifera Red-Osier Dogwood X X X w jul-oct
Corylus americana Hazlenut X X   nut jul-oct
Corylus cornuta Beaked Filbert X     nut jul-sep
Cotoneaster multiflora Many flowered Cotoneaster       r sep-oct
Crataegus sp. Hawthorn X X X r aug-feb
Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur Hawthorn X X X dr a-w
Crateagus mollis Downy Hawthorn       r sep 
Crataegus succulenta v. macracantha Spike Hawthorn X X X    
Crataegus phaenopyrum Washington Hawthorn X X X or a-w
Crataegus punctata Dotted Hawthorn X X X r a
Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian Olive X X   y aug-oct
Elaeagnus umbellata Autumn Olive X X X rb-pi a
             
Euonymus alatus Burning Bush       s,o a-w
Euonymus atropurpureus Eastern Wahoo       pc,s a-w
Euonymus bungeanus Winterberry Euonymus       pi,o a-w
Euonymus fortunei Wintercreeper          
Euonymus obovatus Running Strawberry Bush       pi,o a
Euonymus yedoensis Yeddo euonymus       pi,o a-w
Gaylussacia baccata Black Huckleberry X X X b jul-sep
Hamamelis vernalis Vernal Witch Hazel          
Hamamelis virginiana Witch Hazel X     nut s-f
Hypericum prolificum Shrubby St.Johnswort X X   seed aug
Ilex glabra Inkberry X X X b fall
Ilex verticillata Winterberry (Michigan Holly) X     r a-w
Juniperus communis Common Juniper X X   blb sep-nov
Juniperus virginiana Eastern Redcedar X X X bl a
Ligustrum sp. Privet          
Ligustrum obtusifolium regelianum Regel's Border Privet       blb a-w
Ligustrum vulgare European Privet       blb a-w
Lindera benzoin Spicebush X     r jul-aug
Lonicera sp. Honeysuckle X X X r s-f
Lonicera fragrantissima Fragrant Honeysuckle       r jun
Lonicera tatarica Tatarian Honeysuckle       r jun-jul
Lonicera xylosteum European Fly Honeysuckle       r aug-sep
Malus sp. Crabapple X X X r a-w
Menispermum canadense Common Moonseed X     b aug-oct
Morus alba White Mulberry       pi-p s
Myrica pensylvanica Bayberry X X X g jun-apr
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper X     bl aub-feb
Parthenocissus tricuspidata Boston Ivy       blb a-w
Prunus americana American Plum X X X    
Prunus maackii Amur Choke Cherry       b s
Prunus padus European Bird Cherry       b jul
Prunus serotina Wild Black Cherry       pb aug-sep
Prunus spinosa Sloe or Buckthorn       bl a
Prunus tomentosa Nanking Cherry       r jun-jul
Prunus virginiana Common Chokecherry X        
Rhamnus alnifolia Alderleaf Buckthorn X     b aug-oct
Rhamnus cathartica Common Buckthorn X     b jun-oct
Rhamnus davurica Dahurian Buckthorn       b sep
Rhamnus frangula   Glossy Buckthorn X     r-dp s-f
Rhamnus frangula “Asplenifolia Cutleaf Glossy Buckthorn          
Rhus coppallina Flameleaf Sumac X     c fall
Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac X X   r aug-oct
Rhus typhina Staghorn Sumac X X   r aug-sep
Ribes americanum American Black Currant X X X b jun-sep
Ribes cynosbati Pasture Gooseberry X X X p jul-sep
Rosa blanda Meadow Rose X X X s jul-sep
Rosa carolina Pasture Rose X X X s jul-sep
Rosa palustris Swamp Rose X X X s aug-sep
Rosa Rugosa Rugosa Rose X X X s jun-sep
Rosa setigera (tomentosa) Prairie Roses       or a-w
Rosa virginiana Virginia Rose X X X s jul-aug
Rubus sp. Raspberry X X X    
Rubus allegheniensis Allegheny (Wild) Blackberry X X X b jul-sep
Rubus flagellaris Northern or American Dewberry X X X b jun-aug
Rubus idaeus Red Raspberry X X X r jul
Rubus occidentalis Blackberry, Blackcap Raspberry X X X pb jul-aug
Rubus odoratus Fragrant Thimbleberry, Purple Flowering Raspberry X X X r jul-sep
Salix discolor Pussy Willow X X X seed apr-may
Salix humilis v. microphylla Prairie Willow X X X seed apr-may
Salix purpurea Purple Osier Willow
X
X
X
seed apr-may
             
Sambucus Canadensis American Elderberry X X X blb jul-sep
Sambucus pubens Scarlet Elder X X X r jun-sep
Shepherdia argentea Silver Buffaloberry X X X    
Shepherdia Canadensis Buffalo Berry       r s
Smilax rotundifolia Common Greenbriar X X X blb sep
Sorbus americana American Mountainash X        
Sorbus aucuparia European Mountainash X     or a
Spiraea alba Narrowleaf Meadowsweet   X X seed s-f
Symphoricarpos albus Snowberry X X   w aug-may
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry X     pr sep-dec
Symphoricarpos x Chanaultii Chenault Coralberry          
Syringa sp. Lilacs          
Taxus canadensis Canada Yew X X X r jul-sep
Taxus cuspidata Japanese Yew       r a
Vaccinium angustifolium Lowbush Blueberry X X   blb jul-sep
Vaccinium corymbosum Highbush Blueberry X X X blb jan-sep
Virburnum sp. Viburnum          
Viburnum acerifolium Mapleleaf Viburnum X X   pb jul-win
Viburnum alnifolium Hobblebush X X   dp jul-oct
Viburnum cassinoides Witherod X X   blb sep-win
Viburnum dentatum Arrowwood Viburnum X X X bl aug-nov
Viburnum lantana Wayfaring Tree       pi-r s-a
Viburnum lentago Nannyberry Viburnum X X X blb aug-oct
Viburnum opulus European Cranberry Bush       r a-w
Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw Viburnum X X X blb a
Viburnum recognitum Northern Arrowwood X X   db aug-nov
Viburnum sieboldii Siebold Viburnum       r-b s
Viburnum trilobum Highbush Cranberry, American Cranberrybush Viburnum X X   r aug-oct
Vitis labrusca Fox Grape       blb a
Vitis riparia Riverbank Grape X X X blb a
             
Shaded entries are plants native to WE Illinois          
Key - Fruit Color r   red
bl  blue
b   black
d   dark
pi   pink
g   gray
s   scarlet
p   purple
or  orange
w   white
Key - Time of Bloom s   summer
a   autumn
  w   winter
sp spring